How to Get to Sapa by Public Transportation
Most probably you will start from Hanoi. There are two ways that you can choose to get to Sapa, by train or by bus . There are pros and cons for sure in each of the way. I took direct sleeper bus from Hanoi to Sapa. Not the most comfy ride but it’s cheap and arrived straight in Sapa to start the trekking.
- Bus from Hanoi to Sapa. Approximately 6 hours ride and it costs around VND 260,000 – 450,000 depending on the services and the comfort of the bus. The time table may varies from 6.30 a.m., 12 p.m., and 10 p.m. (Make sure again by asking hostel/hotel reception).
- Train from Hanoi to Lao Cai, continued by bus or private car to Sapa. The train journey takes around 8 hours. There are two train operators: Vietnam Railways and the luxury tourist train. Vietnam Railways has different seatings from normal seat to sleeper berth. Price varies from VND 155,000 – 400,000. There are two departures, around 8 p.m. and 10 p.m. After arriving in Lao Cai, you can take bus to Sapa which takes around one hour and costs around VND 100,000.
Best Time to Trek in Sapa
I was there in May and the view of the rice terraces were full of paddies. March to May is the time where they start planting and do the farming activities. So I recommended you to come around this time. September to November is the peak travel time or high season so expect crowd. During winter which lasts from December to January, it will be really cold in Sapa.
Trekking in Sapa with Guided Tours
There are many tour operators providing a basic two days one night trekking tour until weeks. You can choose different kind of experiences trekking to some villages, home of minority ethnics in Sapa. I booked two days one night trekking tour from Hanoi. The price for two days one night trekking was about USD 50. The price included basic sharing room in local homestay, food, and english speaking guide.
After spending one night from Hanoi on a sleeper bus, finally I arrived in this beautiful small town, Sapa. It was early morning and the temperature was chill enough. Meanwhile waiting for the tour to start, I cleaned myself and had a breakfast in a small hotel where I was directed to. An hour later, our guide showed up, a young girl dressed in a black cloth. She’s a Hmong. With her decent English skill, she greeted us and explained about Sapa and the tribe living there.
I was in a group of five people. We followed our guide along the main road. Then some Hmong ladies with a basket on their back followed us. They were going back to the village as well, that’s what I thought until later I found out they were trying to sell souvenirs. They tried to mingle with the tourists, being very nice, seriously I didn’t feel anything suspicious. I thought they were excited, meet up with strangers, cause they live in this nowhere heaven, and curious about the different world out there. In the end, they try to sell something, which I could understand, they had to make money. I bought three bracelets for one dollar, I knew it wasn’t much, but when ten sellers approached me and pushed me to buy. In this point I felt miserably uncomfortable.
Despite those matter, I couldn’t deny how superb the view of the rice terraces and mountainous part was. It looks similar with Batad in Philippines. While the rice terraces in Batad looks secluded, the rice terraces in Sapa and the mountainous scenery looks more extensive. In addition, Sapa has the cultural feel on it.
Minority Ethic Groups in Sapa
There are mainly 5 ethnic groups in Sapa: Hmong, Dao, Tay, Giay, and a small number of Xa Pho. Majority are Hmong. Hmong Tribe was originally came from yellow river region in China. There was a massive migration by Hmong People in 18th century due to armed conflict. The Hmong spread across mountainous regions in China, Vietnam, Laos, and Thailand. The Hmong in Sapa itself is divided in several subgroups such as Black Hmong and Red Hmong.
The people of Sapa rely on agriculture. They have been very poor even by Vietnam’s rural standard. Thanks to some NGOs who improve social development by giving opportunities such as volunteer program, and programs to increase awareness from tourism sector.
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